The structure of The scientists published their findings in the journal Nanoletters. Enzo di Fabrizio, from the University of Genoa, Italy, and his team were able to snag DNA threads out of a dilute solution and lay them on a bed of nanoscopic silicon pillars.
The pattern of pillars is extremely water-repellent, causing the moisture to evaporate quickly and leave behind strands of DNA stretched out and easily viewed. Tiny holes were drilled into the base of the nanopillar bed to allow beams of electrons to shine through, creating the high-resolution images where the corkscrew thread of the DNA double helix is clearly visible.
This technique will allow researchers to view single molecules of DNA interacting with other molecules. For now, the method only works with cords of DNA, made up of six molecules wrapped around a seventh acting like a core. This was needed because the energy of the electron streams could break apart a single DNA molecule.
More sensitive detectors, which respond to lower-energy electrons, should allow the visualization of individual double helices, and even unwound single strands of DNA. This could allow them to see DNA at the level of single bases.
Reference: “Direct Imaging of DNA Fibers: The Visage of Double Helix” by Francesco Gentile, Manola Moretti, Tania Limongi, Andrea Falqui, Giovanni Bertoni, Alice Scarpellini, Stefania Santoriello, Luca Maragliano, Remo Proietti Zaccaria and Enzo di Fabrizio, 22 November 2012, Nanoletters.
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